The invention of the analog camera and picture taking changed how scientists view the subject of objectivity. The presence of the camera in society rendered all images that were painted by an artist to be called a depiction. Since the camera was a mechanical instrument, scientists viewed the images generated by the new apparatus as more objective, or mechanically objective to be precise. The reasons were few. The first one was the camera can take many identical pictures, so it was a model of standardization. Second, the camera did not interpret the images, it just took them. So, the camera was seen as instrument of authenticity. And third, the camera was present at all times, but it took pictures only when the scientists operated with it, thus the camera was sees as silent observer. To summarize, the images taken with the camera were not only seen as more honest than artistically produced images, but they were seen as mechanically objective, because humans were not involved in re-producing them.
But the camera did not end the objectivity debate because, as it was observed, the images taken by the new technology varied based on few factors. The variation of the images depended on the location of the camera, the x-ray tube or the object. Further, it was noticed that the images taken with the camera might not include all the details presented in the object. By late 19th century, the mechanically taken images changed the burden of objectivity to the reader of the image. This new direction of objectivism was marked by the self-control of the scientists. Meaning, the scientists were trying to manage their own prejudices, but at the same time they were not afraid of moral judgment against their piers. This process grew to a complete mechanical representation of all the body parts and species by the mid 20th century. The images were showing all the imperfections characteristic for the specific object that was photographed.
This shift in objectivism shows the different moral approaches of the time. The scientists from the “truth to nature” period were trying to show the perfect or the ideal image of nature, even though that image may not exist in real life. While the scientists from the period characterized by mechanical
objectivity were required to show what was exact, specific and characteristic of the object they will photographing. Thus, by using mechanical instruments they were showing the real world.